Supply Chain Management main glossary

This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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Finished pharmaceutical product

Finished Pharmaceutical Product (FPP) is the final product after all stages of manufacture including packaging in its final container and its labelling.

Entry link: Finished pharmaceutical product

Finished product specifications

Finished product specifications is the set of tests and limits applicable to a finished pharmaceutical product (FPP), to ensure that every batch is of consistent quality at the time of release and throughout the shelf-life.

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Formulation, in medicines, refers to the process in which different chemicals, including the active ingredient, are combined to produce a final medicinal product.

Entry link: Formulation


An open set of tools for project planning, design, management, and performance assessment. Frameworks help to identify project elements (goals, objectives, outputs, outcomes), their causal relationships, and the external factors that may influence success or failure of the project. A framework matrix provides an easy overview of key project information that allows assessment of project logic as well as performance monitoring and evaluation.

Entry link: Framework

Freight forwarder

A freight forwarder, forwarder or forwarding agent, is a person or company that organizes shipments for individuals or corporations.

Entry link: Freight forwarder