Supply Chain Management main glossary


This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

Browse the glossary using this index

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R

Review

The formal assessment or examination, periodically or ad hoc, of the performance of an intervention with the possibility or intention of instituting change if necessary.

Entry link: Review

Routine data sources

 Resources that provide data collected on a continuous basis, such as information that clinics collect on the patients utilizing their services.

Entry link: Routine data sources

S

Safety stock

The safety stock is the stock that is kept in reserve in case an item is unavailable from the supplier or a sudden increase occurs in demand. This may be determined at 3-6 months, or calculated as a % of the annual quantity required, depending on the country and system.

Entry link: Safety stock

Shopping

Shopping is (also) a procurement method.

Entry link: Shopping

Situation analysis

A detailed examination of a given geographical context or situation in which a programme is set, so as to better understand the current status, the trends and the main problems affecting people, ecosystems and institutions.

Entry link: Situation analysis

SKU

Abbreviation for Stock Keeping Unit. A stock keeping unit is a number given to a product in retail or warehouse. This number gives easy access to the price, the attributes, and the manufacturer of the product

Entry link: SKU

Stakeholder

A stakeholder is a person, an organisation, or a group of persons and organisations, that has an interest or concern in a process, project or enterprise.

Entry link: Stakeholder

Standard Operating Procedure

A standard operating procedure (SOP) is a set of written instructions established or prescribed to be followed routinely when carrying out a given operation in a given situation. SOPs guarantee that the practice is done in accordance with agreed upon specifications aimed at obtaining a desired outcome. The development and use of SOPs are an integral part of a successful quality system as it provides individuals with the information to perform a job properly.

Entry link: Standard Operating Procedure

Stock Keeping Unit

Often abbreviated as SKU. A stock keeping unit is a number given to a product in retail or warehouse. This number gives easy access to the price, the attributes, and the manufacturer of the product.

Entry link: Stock Keeping Unit

Stock on hand

Stock on hand are the quantities of usable stock of medicines available at any level, or at all levels of the health system at a point in time.

Entry link: Stock on hand


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