Supply Chain Management main glossary

This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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EML is the acronym for essential medicines list.



Agence de développement belge


Evaluation is the process that attempts to determine as systematically and objectively as possible the relevance, effectiveness, and impact of activities in light of their objectives.


Excipients are the inactive ingredients in the finished pharmaceutical product (FPP) that do not have any pharmacological or therapeutic activity. Examples of excipients include fillers, coating agents, dyes, preservations, flavouring and colouring agents and so on. Lactose is a commonly used filler (also known as bulking agent) in tablets to give mass and/or volume to the substance, thereby facilitating the production process.



Fédération des Centrales d'Approvisionnement en Médicaments Essentiels

Finished pharmaceutical product

A finished pharmaceutical product (FPP) is the final product after all stages of manufacture, including packaging in its final container and labelling.

Finished product specifications

Finished product specifications are the set of tests and values applicable to a finished pharmaceutical product (FPP), to ensure that every batch is of consistent quality at the time of release and throughout its shelf-life.


In medicines, the term formulation refers to the process in which different chemicals, including the active ingredient, are combined to produce a final pharmaceutical product.


Formation Sanitaire

Freight forwarder

A freight forwarder, forwarder or forwarding agent, is a person or company that organises shipments for individuals or corporations.

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