Supply Chain Management main glossary

This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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An open set of tools for project planning, design, management, and performance assessment. Frameworks help to identify project elements (goals, objectives, outputs, outcomes), their causal relationships, and the external factors that may influence success or failure of the project. A framework matrix provides an easy overview of key project information that allows assessment of project logic as well as performance monitoring and evaluation.

Entry link: Framework

Freight forwarder

A freight forwarder, forwarder or forwarding agent, is a person or company that organizes shipments for individuals or corporations.

Entry link: Freight forwarder



A broad statement of a desired, long-term outcome of a program. Goals express general program intentions and help guide a program’s development. Each goal has a set of related, more specific objectives that, if met, will collectively permit program staff to reach the stated goal.

Entry link: Goal

Good manufacturing practices

Good manufacturing practices (GMP) is that part of quality assurance which ensures that products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards appropriate to their intended use and as required by the marketing authorization. It is designed to minimize the risks involved in any pharmaceutical production.

Entry link: Good manufacturing practices


Health system

A health system consists of all organisations, people and actions whose primary intent is to promote, restore or maintain health.

Entry link: Health system

Health system strengthening

Health system strengthening (HSS) can be defined as any array of initiatives and strategies that improves one or more of the functions of the health system and that leads to better health through improvements in access, coverage, quality, or efficiency (Health Systems Action Network 2006).

Entry link: Health system strengthening

Herbal medicine

Herbal medicine includes herbs, herbal materials, preparations and products that contain plant materials or combinations of plants as active ingredients. Herbalism is the practice of making or prescribing plant-based herbal remedies for medical conditions and is considered a form of alternative medicine.

Entry link: Herbal medicine


Dans le contexte de la quantification, les hypothèses sont l'ensemble des propositions ou suppositions qui sont émises pour justifier la démarche entreprise, la qualité des données utilisées ou les données non disponibles, et autour desquelles suppositions, un consensus doit être dégagé par les membres de l'équipe de quantification et qui doivent se justifier dans le résultat final du processus.

Entry link: Hypothèses



The anticipated end results or long-term effects of a program. For example, changes in health status such as reduced disease incidence or improved nutritional status.

Entry link: Impact

Impact evaluation

A set of procedures and methodological approaches that show how much of the observed change in intermediate or final outcomes, or impact, can be attributed to the program. It requires the application of evaluation designs to estimate the difference in the outcome of interest between having or not having the program.

Entry link: Impact evaluation

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