Supply Chain Management main glossary

This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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Supply chain management

Supply chain management (SCM) refers to the management of the chain of activities involved in bringing a product or a service to an end user. Normally, this is done through the cumulative effort of various people and organisations.The aim of good SCM is to maximise customer value, achieve a sustainable competitive advantage, and develop supply chains in the most effective and efficient way.







Termes de Référence

Total health expenditure

The WHO defines total health expenditure as the sum of all public and private health expenditures in a country as a ratio of the total population of that country. Total health expenditure covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health. It does not include the provision of water and sanitation.

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine refers to all knowledge, skills and health practices based on theories, beliefs and experiences that are indigenous to a culture. These practices may be used to maintain health as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illness.

Treatment episode

A treatment episode is a standard period of treatment during which a patient is given a specific medicine. Treatment episodes are used as a base for comparison in healthcare statistics. They are also an important feature for the forecasting and quantification of medicines, the second step in the supply chain cycle.



Union Européenne


United Nation Population Fund / Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Appui à la Population

Universal health coverage

The WHO defines universal health coverage as the assurance that all people have access to needed health services (including prevention, promotion, treatment, rehabilitation and palliation) of sufficient quality to be effective while also ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user the financial hardship

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