Supply Chain Management main glossary

This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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Assistant Technique


ATM is the acronym for access to medicine.



An audit is an independent, objective inspection of the accounts, statutes or performance of an organisation, designed to add value and improve its operations, governance processes, and the effectiveness of its risk management.

A regulatory audit will obtain independent verification of financial and other information reported to regulators. A performance audit is concerned with relevance, economy, efficiency and effectiveness. Internal auditing provides an assessment of internal controls undertaken by a unit which reports to management, while external auditing is conducted by an independent outside organisation.

Average monthly consumption

The average monthly consumption (AMC), also known as average monthly use is a measure of how much a consumable product, such as a medicine, has been used on average per month. It is calculated by dividing the total annual consumption of a medicine by the number of months in stock.

$$AMC = \frac{total\ annual\ consumption}{N^{o}\ of\ months\ in\ stock}$$



A batch or a lot is a defined quantity of products (with its packaging) which went through a single production process and thus is expected to be homogeneous. The size of a batch depends on a fixed quantity, or the amount produced in a fixed time interval.

Batch number

A batch number or lot number is a unique combination of numbers and/or letters given to a batch and its corresponding labels, certificate of analysis, and other documentation.

Batch release

A batch release or lot release is a procedure by which different batches are tested to assess if they meet all the required product specifications as defined by the relevant standards.


Bon de commande


Bureau de Coordination d’Achat de la FEDECAME


Bureau Central de la Zone de Santé

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