Supply Chain Management main glossary


This is a glossary of key terms used throughout the site.

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A

ABC classification

The ABC classification (also called the 80/20 rule or the Pareto analysis) is a method of classifying inventory according to their relative importance. The items are classified as either A, B or C as follows: A -Very important; B -Moderately important; C -Least important. This approach enables the organisation to concentrate on high value or otherwise important items, while not neglecting the other categories.

 


ACT

Artemisinin Based Combination Therapy (Combinaison thérapeutique à base d’Artémisinine)


Active pharmaceutical ingredient

An Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is the key substance of a medicine which provides pharmacological activity or therapeutic effect in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of a disease.


Aircon storage

Aircon storage refers to facilities or containers where medicines or health products are stored below a certain temperature with the help of airconditioning. The temperature range is normally under 23 °C. Aircon storage contrasts with cold storage where temperature stays between 2-8 °C or with ambient storage where products are stored at room temperature.


Allopathic medicine

Allopathic medicine refers to the mainstream system of medical practice in Western countries. Also called Western medicine, bio-medicine, evidence-based medicine or modern medicine.


Ambient storage

Ambient storage refers to facilities or containers where medicines or health products are stored at room temperature. Ambient storage contrasts with cold storage where temperature stays between 2-8 °C and with aircon storage where products are stored under 23 °C.


Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin pill

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria. Amoxicillin is used to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.

The patent for amoxicillin has expired, thus amoxicillin is marketed under various trade names across the world.


AMU

AMU is the abbreviation for Average Monthly Consumption, a measure of how much a product, in this case a medicine, has been used on average per month. It is calculated by dividing the total annual consumption of a medicine by the number of months in stock.

$$AMU = \frac{total\ annual\ consumption}{N^{o}\ of\ months\ in\ stock}$$

 

Tags:

ARV

Antirétroviraux


AS

Aire de Santé



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